Plant Science: An Introduction to Botany

What is Botany?

Botany is the scientific study of plants. “Plants,” too many people, means a vast assortment of living organisms from the smallest bacteria to the largest living things – the giant sequoia trees. Today scientists believe bacteria, algae and fungi are inside their distinct kingdoms, but many typical botany courses, and many Botany Departments at universities and colleges, nevertheless teach about such groups.

Since the field is so broad, there are many kinds of plant biologists and lots of distinct possibilities available. Botanists interested in ecology research interactions of plants with other organisms and the environment. Other field botanists search to find new species or perform experiments to find out how plants grow under various conditions. Some botanists study the structure of crops. They may work in the field, concentrating on the pattern of the entire plant. Others use microscopes to examine the many detailed fine structures of human cells. Most botanists do experiments to find out how plants convert straightforward chemical compounds to more complex substances. They might even study how genetic information in DNA controls plant growth. Botanists study procedures that occur on a time scale ranging from fractions of a second in individual cells into those who unfold over eons of evolutionary time.

The outcomes of botanical research increase and improve our supply of medicines, fibers, foods, building materials, and other plant compounds. Conservationists use botanical knowledge to help handle parks, forests, rangelands, and wilderness regions. Public health and environmental security professionals depend on their comprehension of plant science to help solve contamination issues